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全国でも稀な有機JAS認定の桃栽培に挑む
Challenge to cultivate organic JAS certified peach which is rare even in the whole country

三谷幸子(エコファームMITAMI 代表)
Sachiko Mitani (Representative of Eco Farm MITAMI)

  • 有機栽培の桃という険しい高みへ

     夏の収穫のときだけ一カ月ほど休みをとって両親の農作業を手伝っていたのですが、私が27歳のときに父が脳梗塞になり、一生懸命育てていた桃の木を切ろうかということになりました。それは忍びなくて、私に桃農家が務まるかわかりませんでしたが、始めたら意外に性に合っていたようです。
     当時は当然、慣行栽培で除草剤をまき、父は1週間に1回ほど防除をしていたと思います。18キロぐらいのタンクを背負って一圃場で4〜5回、除草剤をまくと、若くても腰や背中が痛くて、4反歩もするのが苦痛でなりませんでした。普及所の指導員の先生から草生栽培をやってみないかと声をかけられたときに、草刈りも大変そうだと思いながらも、草生栽培を選びました。その後、化学薬品は使用せず、JASで使用が認められた一部の資材のみで栽培に取り組みましたが、その年は虫が来るし菌が来るし苦情は来るし、ひどかったですね。収穫もゼロでした。最初の年が最悪なだけで次第にどうにかなると思い、いまに至っています。
     有機栽培の圃場は2カ所ですが、全滅して収穫できないこともあります。有機だけでは食べていけないので、全圃場約2ヘクタールのうち、30アールを有機にして、特別栽培の桃も育てています。

    信頼に応えるために最善を尽くす

     有機栽培を始めた当初、桃の木の切り口に塗布剤を塗らなくてはいけないと思い込み、ベンガラやチタンを試しましたが、切り口近くがぷっと膨れ、木がいやがります。何をやってもだめで、「かすり傷程度は舐めたら治る」と昔言われたようにほったらかしてみて、何もしなくていいとわかりました。有機の古い圃場の方は20年経ち、棲む虫の種類が変化して、アブラムシが来ることはほとんどありません。土や木が自力で防御しているようです。
     有機栽培で作られた清水白桃は繊維質がきめ細やかで口どけがよく、ずっしりと重量があり、同じ大きさの桃より早く水に沈みます。また、害虫を寄せ付けないよう、表面がけば立っています。
     雨が多いと水太りして味が落ちます。雨続きだった最初の年、廃棄を覚悟してお断りの電話をお客さんにかけたときに、「そういう年もあるよ。出荷して」と言っていただけたことが忘れられません。実は私、桃が嫌いで普段は食べませんが、雨が続く年は収穫のタイミングを見つけるために、たくさん食べます。励まし、信用してくださったお客さんを想えばできます。桃は安いものではないので、買った方を絶対にがっかりさせたくありません。贈り手の気持ちが台無しになりますし、贈られた側をぬか喜びさせるのはいやなんです。

    仲間を増やし、全圃場をいずれ有機に

     桃を育てて収穫し、食べたお客さんが喜んで、「おいしかったよ」「ありがとう」と声をかけてくれたりすると、最高に「嬉しい!」という気持ちになり、がんばろうという意欲が湧いてきます。
     自分で食べるなら梨が好きです。この辺りは「愛宕梨」という赤ちゃんの頭ぐらい大きな梨が作られていて、私も近所のおばあちゃんから畑を預かって4年目です。梨は桃以上に防除する果樹です。「梨を食べたいな」と農薬アレルギーの知人がぽろっと言ったのが気になり、試しに1本だけ農薬を使わずに栽培しています。順調に育って10月に無事に収穫でき、喜ばせられたら嬉しいですね。
     私もだんだん年をとってきているので、若い人に有機の桃の圃場を引き継ぎたいと思っています。この辺一帯は水がきれいで、昔は細い糸トンボがたくさん飛んでいました。防除していたときには全然見かけなかった虫も戻ってきています。若い人に里山の良さをもっと知ってもらいたいし、薬をたくさん使わなくてすむ農業をしたいという、自分と同じような感覚の仲間が増えてほしいと願っています。5年後ぐらいに自分の全圃場を有機栽培にしたいというのも目標のひとつです。

    夫婦一緒に働く至福の時間

     「失敗したら梅干しを見ながらごはん食べて、ちょっと儲けが出たら梅干しかじりながらごはん食べればいいか」という行き当たりばったりの性格なので、主人から「お前は考えない」と言われます。でも、細かく計算して先まで考えすぎていたら、ここまで続けてこられなかったかもしれません。
     定年退職した主人と一緒に農業をやれる時間が増えて、すごく嬉しいんです。主人はとても研究熱心で、作業も判断も的確にしてくれます。一人で思い悩んでいたことにも意見がもらえます。主人が仕事をしていたときは、「朝出て行ったら夜まで帰らないなんていやだな」と思っていました。いまも週に一度は会社に行くので「まだ行くんかなぁ」という気持ちになります(笑)。
     病気でも虫でも天候でも、毎年いろいろと問題があります。ずっと順調だったのに収穫直前に台風が直撃する年もあるし、完全勝利することはなくて、いつも「負けた」感があるんです。来年は絶対勝ってやる! そう思うと、やめられません。

  • To the height of the organically grown peach

      I was taking a break for about a month only during summer harvest and helping my parents' farming work, but if I was 27 years old my father had a cerebral infarction and would you like to cut the peach tree you were growing hard Thats how its going to be. It didn't make it to me and I didn't know if it would be a peach farmer, but it seemed that it was surprisingly fit when I started.
     At that time, of course, we think that we apply herbicide in conventional cultivation and my father controls about once a week. I carried a tank of about 18 kg and packed the herbicide four to five times in one place, and it was sore at the waist and back widely, and it was not painful to do the four opposites. When I was told that I would not try to cultivate grass from the instructor of the spread center, it was hard to cut the grass. After that, I did not use any chemicals, but only some of the materials approved for use by JAS. I took it into cultivation, but in the year there were insects coming and going, complaints came and it was awful. The harvest was also zero. I think that the first year is the worst and I think it will eventually get better.
    There are two organically grown fields, but there are cases where they can not be harvested because they are destroyed. Since organic food alone can not be eaten, we are making 30 are organic out of about 2 hectares of the whole field and also cultivate specially grown peaches.

    Do my best to meet trust

     At the beginning of organic farming, I thought that I had to apply a coating to the cut end of the peach tree, I tried bengara and titanium, but the cut near the end was popped up and the wood was disgusting. No matter what you do, when you let go of what you said in the old days, "If you get rid of scuffs healed," I realized that I should do nothing. It has been 20 years for the old organic fields, and the type of insects they have changed has changed so that aphids rarely come. It seems that soil and trees defend themselves.
    Shimizu white peach made by organic cultivation has fine fiber, crispy mouth, heavy weight, and sinks in water faster than peach of the same size. In addition, the surface stands up to keep pests away.
    If it rains a lot, it will lose weight and lose its taste. In the first year of the rain, I prepared for disposal and when I asked the customer for a refusal phone, I can not forget that he said "There is such a year. In fact, I hate peach and don't usually eat it, but during the rainy year I eat a lot to find the timing of harvest. I can do it by thinking of the customers who have encouraged and trusted me. Momo is not cheap, so I definitely do not want to disappoint those who bought it. The feeling of the presenter is ruined, and it is a shame to let the gifted side be delighted.

    Increase friends and make all fields organic

    When the customers who ate and harvested the peach were happy and at the same time they said, "It was delicious," and "Thank you," they would be extremely happy and be motivated to do their best. .
    I like pears if I eat it myself. The area around here is a pear that is about the size of a baby's head called "Ehime Pear", and I've been in the field for four years from my grandma in my neighborhood. Pears are fruit trees that control over peaches. "I want to eat a pear," I was worried that the acquaintance of pesticides and allergy said porrot, I'm growing without using pesticides for trial only. It is nice to grow well and to be harvested safely in October and to be pleased.
    As I am getting older, I want to take over the organic peach farm to young people. The area around this area is clean, and in the old days a lot of thin thread dragonflies flew. Some insects that I did not see at all when I was controlling are coming back. I want young people to know more about the goodness of Satoyama, and I want them to increase the number of people who have the same feeling as myself and want to do farming without using a lot of medicine. One of the goals is to have your whole field grow organically in about five years.

    Time of bliss to work together

    The owner says, "If you fail, you should eat rice while watching umeboshi, and if you get a little bit of plump, you should eat rice while plumbing." However, if you calculate too carefully and think too much, you may not have been able to continue here.
    I am very happy to be able to work more with my retiring master. My husband is a research enthusiast and he makes both work and judgment properly. You can also get an opinion that you were bothered alone. When my husband was working, I thought, "If I go out in the morning, I will not go back to the night." I still go to work once a week, so I feel like I'm still going (laughs).
    Diseases, insects and weather have many problems every year. There was a year when the typhoon hit directly before the harvest even though it was all the time well, and there is always no feeling of winning completely, and there is always a feeling of losing. I will definitely win next year! If you think so, you can not stop.

エコファームMITANIの商品はこちらから / Click here for Eco Farm MITANI products

 

有機にこだわり、独自の方法を編み出す / Commitment to organic, and create their own way

三谷 英明さん / Hideaki Mitani

有機の圃場には3種類の木が植わっています。中央の白鳳と清水白桃を守るため、加納岩という早生種を害虫の誘引目的で外回りに植えています。摘蕾、摘果を経て、残った幼果に、太陽光を90%以上通す白い素材をかぶせ、ゾウムシやカメムシなどの虫が突いても刺せないくらいふわっとくるみ、自然の恵みを阻害しないように玉を養生します。玉がある程度大きくなったらハサミで割って種の状態を見極め、タイミングよくオレンジの袋にかけかえていきます。薬ではなく手間をかけ、オリジナルの方法で虫対策をしています。

うちは草生栽培で除草剤を使わないため、害虫が異常発生することもありますし、鳥害や細菌にも注意が必要です。木が力をつけてセルロースを出せるようになると葉っぱや果実の周りに樹膜を張り、虫が来なくなります。木そのものの対抗性を強くするためには地力も整える必要があります。

かみさんは葉の色や触った感触で木の状態をみます。長年桃を栽培しているかみさんにかなわないのは感じとる力です。ただ、積算温度の分析や作業効率を上げるスケジュール管理などの計画性がないので、農産物直売所で働いていた経験を生かし、協力しています。

There are three types of trees in the organic field. In order to protect the central white birch and Shimizu white peach, we plant an early-growth species called Kanoiwa on the periphery for the purpose of attracting pests. After thinning and picking, cover the remaining young fruits with a white material that passes 90% or more of the sunlight, and wrap around enough to prevent stabbing even if insects such as weevil and stink bugs, and do not disturb natural blessings I will cure. When the ball grows to a certain extent, divide it with scissors to determine the condition of the seed, and put it in an orange bag at the right time. It takes time and effort, not medicine, and measures insects in the original way.

Because we do not use herbicides in grassy cultivation, pests may occur abnormally, and we also need to be careful about bird damage and bacteria. When the wood is able to put out cellulose and put out the cellulose around the leaves and fruits, insects will not come. In order to strengthen the rivalry of the trees themselves, it is necessary to adjust the soil strength.

Kami sees the state of the tree with the color and touch of the leaves. It is the power to feel that it does not match the wife who has grown peaches for many years. However, since there is no plan such as analysis of accumulated temperature and schedule management to improve work efficiency, we are making use of the experience working at the farm products direct sales office and cooperating.

Outline

エコファーム MITANI Eco Farm MITANI
所在地:岡山県倉敷市玉島陶
従業員:5 名
主な商品:加納岩白桃、白鳳、清水白桃、愛宕梨
Address: Tamashimasue, Kurashiki City, Okayama Prefecture
Personnel:5 person
Main products: Kanoiwa white peach, Hakuhou, Shimizu white peach, Atago pear