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【岡山県/梨(特別栽培)】日本一大きく、ジューシーな愛宕梨 / Japan's largest and juicy Atago pear (special cultivation)

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生産者:エコファームMITANI / Eco farm MITAMI

 お勧めする理由 / Reasons to recommend 

  1. 日本で一番大きな梨 / The largest pear in Japan
  2. 30日間以上日持ちし、徐々に柔らかく甘みを増す / Lasts for more than 30 days, gradually softens and sweetens
  3. 地域資源化を行い、次世代につなげる活動を行う / Activate local resources and engage in activities for the next generation

フェースはデカくゴツゴツとした男前。みずみずしさ弾ける特別栽培愛宕梨
The face is a big and rugged guy.. Specially cultivated fresh Atago pear

  • 大きさについて:
    大きさを比較した写真です。写真の一番右側は普通サイズのりんごです。その左が小サイズ、その左が中サイズ、一番左が大サイズの愛宕梨です。
    お取り扱いについて:
    愛宕梨は追加熟成(収穫後も成熟する)する果物です。収穫後も香り・甘味とも一層深まり、より甘く非常にジューシーになり、さらにおいしくいただくことができます。また、日持ちも良く、冷暗所の置いておけば約1ヶ月程度日持ちする果物で、お正月にいただけるナシとしても重宝されています。


     岡山県で有機JAS認証の桃を栽培する三谷さんが近年手掛け始めたのが愛宕梨。慣行栽培(農薬や化学肥料を使う現代農法)の畑を受け継ぎ、有機栽培への転換を試みた。現在、梨の有機栽培はほとんど存在しない。それほど難しい果樹なのだ。だれも有機栽培をやらないのであれば挑戦する甲斐があると、試しに1本だけ有機栽培を試みたところ、その木だけではなく20本弱の木も含め全滅。ひどい目にあったという。それから3年たち、ようやく今年(2019年)、特別栽培での愛宕梨を収穫できるようになった。
    愛宕梨は重量が1kg~2kgにもなる日本最大の梨。11月に収穫した後、12月まで追熟させる。追熟した愛宕梨は非常に果汁が多く程よい甘味があり、果肉が柔らかくなる。ラ・フランスと梨の中間のようなイメージ。収穫してすぐは酸味が強く、1か月かけてまろやかな柔らかい酸味になるまでゆっくり追熟する。愛宕梨は日持ちも良く、冷暗所に置いておけば約1ヶ月程度は持つ。その間、少しずつ熟成が進むので、複数個あれば味の変化を楽しむこともできます。
     エコファームMITANIのお届けする特別栽培の愛宕梨。大きな愛宕梨の中でも大中小の3種類に分類してお届けいたします。


    三谷幸子さんインタビュー(清水白桃の取材)

    有機栽培の桃という険しい高みへ

     夏の収穫のときだけ一カ月ほど休みをとって両親の農作業を手伝っていたのですが、私が27歳のときに父が脳梗塞になり、一生懸命育てていた桃の木を切ろうかということになりました。それは忍びなくて、私に桃農家が務まるかわかりませんでしたが、始めたら意外に性に合っていたようです。
     当時は当然、慣行栽培で除草剤をまき、父は1週間に1回ほど防除をしていたと思います。18キロぐらいのタンクを背負って一圃場で4〜5回、除草剤をまくと、若くても腰や背中が痛くて、4反歩もするのが苦痛でなりませんでした。普及所の指導員の先生から草生栽培をやってみないかと声をかけられたときに、草刈りも大変そうだと思いながらも、草生栽培を選びました。その後、化学薬品は使用せず、JASで使用が認められた一部の資材のみで栽培に取り組みましたが、その年は虫が来るし菌が来るし苦情は来るし、ひどかったですね。収穫もゼロでした。最初の年が最悪なだけで次第にどうにかなると思い、いまに至っています。
     有機栽培の圃場は2カ所ですが、全滅して収穫できないこともあります。有機だけでは食べていけないので、全圃場約2ヘクタールのうち、30アールを有機にして、特別栽培の桃も育てています。

    信頼に応えるために最善を尽くす

     有機栽培を始めた当初、桃の木の切り口に塗布剤を塗らなくてはいけないと思い込み、ベンガラやチタンを試しましたが、切り口近くがぷっと膨れ、木がいやがります。何をやってもだめで、「かすり傷程度は舐めたら治る」と昔言われたようにほったらかしてみて、何もしなくていいとわかりました。有機の古い圃場の方は20年経ち、棲む虫の種類が変化して、アブラムシが来ることはほとんどありません。土や木が自力で防御しているようです。
     有機栽培で作られた清水白桃は繊維質がきめ細やかで口どけがよく、ずっしりと重量があり、同じ大きさの桃より早く水に沈みます。また、害虫を寄せ付けないよう、表面がけば立っています。
     雨が多いと水太りして味が落ちます。雨続きだった最初の年、廃棄を覚悟してお断りの電話をお客さんにかけたときに、「そういう年もあるよ。出荷して」と言っていただけたことが忘れられません。実は私、桃が嫌いで普段は食べませんが、雨が続く年は収穫のタイミングを見つけるために、たくさん食べます。励まし、信用してくださったお客さんを想えばできます。桃は安いものではないので、買った方を絶対にがっかりさせたくありません。贈り手の気持ちが台無しになりますし、贈られた側をぬか喜びさせるのはいやなんです。

    仲間を増やし、全圃場をいずれ有機に

     桃を育てて収穫し、食べたお客さんが喜んで、「おいしかったよ」「ありがとう」と声をかけてくれたりすると、最高に「嬉しい!」という気持ちになり、がんばろうという意欲が湧いてきます。
     自分で食べるなら梨が好きです。この辺りは「愛宕梨」という赤ちゃんの頭ぐらい大きな梨が作られていて、私も近所のおばあちゃんから畑を預かって4年目です。梨は桃以上に防除する果樹です。「梨を食べたいな」と農薬アレルギーの知人がぽろっと言ったのが気になり、試しに1本だけ農薬を使わずに栽培しています。順調に育って10月に無事に収穫でき、喜ばせられたら嬉しいですね。
     私もだんだん年をとってきているので、若い人に有機の桃の圃場を引き継ぎたいと思っています。この辺一帯は水がきれいで、昔は細い糸トンボがたくさん飛んでいました。防除していたときには全然見かけなかった虫も戻ってきています。若い人に里山の良さをもっと知ってもらいたいし、薬をたくさん使わなくてすむ農業をしたいという、自分と同じような感覚の仲間が増えてほしいと願っています。5年後ぐらいに自分の全圃場を有機栽培にしたいというのも目標のひとつです。

    夫婦一緒に働く至福の時間

    「失敗したら梅干しを見ながらごはん食べて、ちょっと儲けが出たら梅干しかじりながらごはん食べればいいか」という行き当たりばったりの性格なので、主人から「お前は考えない」と言われます。でも、細かく計算して先まで考えすぎていたら、ここまで続けてこられなかったかもしれません。
     定年退職した主人と一緒に農業をやれる時間が増えて、すごく嬉しいんです。主人はとても研究熱心で、作業も判断も的確にしてくれます。一人で思い悩んでいたことにも意見がもらえます。主人が仕事をしていたときは、「朝出て行ったら夜まで帰らないなんていやだな」と思っていました。いまも週に一度は会社に行くので「まだ行くんかなぁ」という気持ちになります(笑)。
     病気でも虫でも天候でも、毎年いろいろと問題があります。ずっと順調だったのに収穫直前に台風が直撃する年もあるし、完全勝利することはなくて、いつも「負けた」感があるんです。来年は絶対勝ってやる! そう思うと、やめられません。

  • About size:This is a comparison of the size. The rightmost photo is a normal size apple. The left is a small size, the left is a medium size, the left is a large size Atago pear.
    About handling: Atago pear is a fruit that undergoes additional ripening (and matures after harvest). Even after harvesting, the aroma and sweetness will deepen further, making it sweeter and more juicy, making it even more delicious. In addition, it has good shelf life, and it is a fruit that lasts for about a month if placed in a cool and dark place, and is also useful as a pear for the New Year.


    Ms. Mitani, who cultivates organic JAS certified peaches in Okayama Prefecture, has recently started working on Atago Pear. We inherited the field of customary cultivation (modern agricultural methods using agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizers) and tried to switch to organic cultivation. At present, there is almost no organic cultivation of pears. It's such a difficult fruit tree. If nobody wants to cultivate organically, it would be worth the challenge, and when I tried cultivating only one organically, I annihilated not only the tree but also nearly 20 trees. She said She had a terrible eye. Three years later, finally, this year (2019), it became possible to harvest specially grown Atago pears.
    Atago pear is the largest pear in Japan, weighing 1kg to 2kg. After harvesting in November, ripen until December. The ripened Atago pear has a lot of fruit juice and a moderate sweetness, and the flesh becomes soft. It is like an image between La France and Pear. Immediately after harvesting, it has a strong acidity, and over the course of one month, slowly ripen until it becomes a mellow and soft acidity. Atago pears have a long shelf life, and will last for about a month if placed in a cool and dark place. In the meantime, aging progresses little by little, so if you have more than one, you can enjoy the taste change.
    Specially cultivated Atago pear delivered from Eco Farm MITANI. We deliver 3 types of large, medium and small even among big Atago pear.


    Interview with Yukiko Mitani

    To the height of the organically grown peach

      I was taking a break for about a month only during summer harvest and helping my parents' farming work, but if I was 27 years old my father had a cerebral infarction and would you like to cut the peach tree you were growing hard Thats how its going to be. It didn't make it to me and I didn't know if it would be a peach farmer, but it seemed that it was surprisingly fit when I started.
     At that time, of course, we think that we apply herbicide in conventional cultivation and my father controls about once a week. I carried a tank of about 18 kg and packed the herbicide four to five times in one place, and it was sore at the waist and back widely, and it was not painful to do the four opposites. When I was told that I would not try to cultivate grass from the instructor of the spread center, it was hard to cut the grass. After that, I did not use any chemicals, but only some of the materials approved for use by JAS. I took it into cultivation, but in the year there were insects coming and going, complaints came and it was awful. The harvest was also zero. I think that the first year is the worst and I think it will eventually get better.
    There are two organically grown fields, but there are cases where they can not be harvested because they are destroyed. Since organic food alone can not be eaten, we are making 30 are organic out of about 2 hectares of the whole field and also cultivate specially grown peaches.

    Do my best to meet trust

     At the beginning of organic farming, I thought that I had to apply a coating to the cut end of the peach tree, I tried bengara and titanium, but the cut near the end was popped up and the wood was disgusting. No matter what you do, when you let go of what you said in the old days, "If you get rid of scuffs healed," I realized that I should do nothing. It has been 20 years for the old organic fields, and the type of insects they have changed has changed so that aphids rarely come. It seems that soil and trees defend themselves.
    Shimizu white peach made by organic cultivation has fine fiber, crispy mouth, heavy weight, and sinks in water faster than peach of the same size. In addition, the surface stands up to keep pests away.
    If it rains a lot, it will lose weight and lose its taste. In the first year of the rain, I prepared for disposal and when I asked the customer for a refusal phone, I can not forget that he said "There is such a year. In fact, I hate peach and don't usually eat it, but during the rainy year I eat a lot to find the timing of harvest. I can do it by thinking of the customers who have encouraged and trusted me. Momo is not cheap, so I definitely do not want to disappoint those who bought it. The feeling of the presenter is ruined, and it is a shame to let the gifted side be delighted.

    Increase friends and make all fields organic

    When the customers who ate and harvested the peach were happy and at the same time they said, "It was delicious," and "Thank you," they would be extremely happy and be motivated to do their best. .
    I like pears if I eat it myself. The area around here is a pear that is about the size of a baby's head called "Ehime Pear", and I've been in the field for four years from my grandma in my neighborhood. Pears are fruit trees that control over peaches. "I want to eat a pear," I was worried that the acquaintance of pesticides and allergy said porrot, I'm growing without using pesticides for trial only. It is nice to grow well and to be harvested safely in October and to be pleased.
    As I am getting older, I want to take over the organic peach farm to young people. The area around this area is clean, and in the old days a lot of thin thread dragonflies flew. Some insects that I did not see at all when I was controlling are coming back. I want young people to know more about the goodness of Satoyama, and I want them to increase the number of people who have the same feeling as myself and want to do farming without using a lot of medicine. One of the goals is to have your whole field grow organically in about five years.

    Time of bliss to work together

    The owner says, "If you fail, you should eat rice while watching umeboshi, and if you get a little bit of plump, you should eat rice while plumbing." However, if you calculate too carefully and think too much, you may not have been able to continue here.
    I am very happy to be able to work more with my retiring master. My husband is a research enthusiast and he makes both work and judgment properly. You can also get an opinion that you were bothered alone. When my husband was working, I thought, "If I go out in the morning, I will not go back to the night." I still go to work once a week, so I feel like I'm still going (laughs).
    Diseases, insects and weather have many problems every year. There was a year when the typhoon hit directly before the harvest even though it was all the time well, and there is always no feeling of winning completely, and there is always a feeling of losing. I will definitely win next year! If you think so, you can not stop.


 SPEC 
農薬 / Pesticide
減農薬 / Pesticide reduction
肥料 / Fertilizer
無化学肥料 / Chemical fertilizer free
認証 / Authentication
特別栽培 / Special cultivation
販売 / Sell 12月〜1月 / December to January
消費目安 / Consumption standard / 到着後約1ヶ月(冷暗所保存、食べる前に冷蔵庫へ1時間程度) / About 1 month after arrival (Preserve cold and dark place , about 1 hour to the refrigerator before eating)

 PRODUCT 

愛宕梨(特別栽培)
愛宕梨(大、中、小)
Atago pear (special cultivation)
Atago pear (large, medium, small)



 PROFESSIONAL 

農場名:エコファームMITANI / Farm name: Eco-Farm MITANI
代表者:三谷幸子 / Representative : Sachiko Mitani
住 所:岡山県倉敷市玉島 / Address: Tamashima Kurashiki, Okayama Prefecture


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